About Cyprus Print

Name of State:
Republic of Cyprus.

Location and Area:

9,251 sq kms (3,572 sq miles), extending 240 kms (149 miles) from east to west and 100 kms (62 kms) from north to south.

It is strategically situated in the far eastern end of the Mediterranean (33º E, 35º N), at the crossroads of Europe, Africa and Asia, and in close proximity to the busy trade routes linking Europe with the Middle East, Russia, Central Asia and the Far East.

Main cities:

Nicosia (Capital), Limassol, Larnaca, Pafos.

Population:

837,000 (2004 estimate).
651,000 Greek Cypriots - 88,000 Turkish Cypriots - 98,000 Others.

Languages:

Greek and Turkish are the official languages. English is widely spoken.

Government:

Executive Power – Presidential system of government. The President is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. Executive power is exercised through an 11-member Council of Ministers appointed by the President.

Legislative Power – Multi-party unicameral House of Representatives. Voting system: simple proportional representation. House members are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term.

Judicial Power – Justice is administered by the Supreme Court and by the Assize and District Courts.

Religion:

The Greek Cypriots are Christians and adhere to the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriots are Muslims, while the smaller Cypriot minorities of Maronites, Armenians and Latins belong to other Christian denominations.

Climate:

Mediterranean, with mild, wet winters (mean daily minimum 5ºC, 41ºF) and hot, dry summers (mean daily maximum 36ºC, 97ºF).

Currency:

Euro (EUR), subdivided into 100 cent.

Republic of Cyprus flag